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It is important to guide your reader back to the sources of the information you have used, and to give credit to the person who created the information in the first place.

What to look for:

  • Who created the information?
  • When did they post or publish it?
  • What is the name of the book, article, picture ....  that you used?
  • Where does the reader get it from (url or publisher information)?

On this page are some useful tools and examples of reference lists to help you to cite and reference your sources.

As you reference, be aware of copyright and how it works.

Why is Referencing important?

Referencing is important to avoid plagiarism!
Plagiarism is using someone elses work in your assignment without acknowledging where it came from.  It is a type of academic misconduct for which there may be significant consequences.  Read our Plagiarism guide for more information.

Find re-useable Images

No attribution licences (no referencing required):


Chat Now - Speak to a librarian on our Chat Now live chat service   

Book an appointment - with your subject librarian for advice on your referencing   Book an appointment   

APA style and grammar guidelines    Advice on everything APA from the people who wrote the manual! 

APA Style & Grammar Guidelines 


Massey OWLL - interactive examples of how to build a reference  Massey OWLL